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[词典讨论] abolish 条@[远东|国际]国际英汉大辞典 & WBD1979

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发表于 2016-9-12 12:06:26 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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远东英汉大辞典
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国际英汉大辞典
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# l  s$ K9 R$ Q1 w- e9 FWBD,1979" [; U8 M% c8 `
       
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 楼主| 发表于 2016-9-12 23:27:11 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 Oeasy 于 2016-9-12 23:31 编辑
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**远东英汉大辞典
, C* A2 b) G0 xabolish
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1. 废止;革除。3 ^; g( s3 D! _) w/ p
We must abolish slavery. 我们应当废止奴隶制度。$ F7 U# n8 ?- v7 i
If war could be abolished, armies and navies would be unnecessary. 如果战争可以废止,陆海军均将成为不必需的。& v7 U/ N: _; a- \# R( `
2. 完全破坏(人,或事物)。
4 b( U6 ^! k; l$ E7 O2 I. R/ wA fog abolished the landscape. 大雾把风景破坏了。% L7 q! ]! R; g* Q% x; s& k5 \
-abolisher, n.. I: `8 O, @3 d# U
【注意】abolish, annihilate, extinguish 均指结束或灭除某件事物言。
9 q6 `2 b$ H# ~/ V4 wabolish 仅用以指人为之且通常为长期存在的事物言,如法律,风俗习惯等:
8 q  L, r! ^/ n2 VThe principal abolished all secret societies. 那校长废除了所有的秘密社团。" v( t" `4 N$ |
annihilate 其使用范围较广,含武力之使用,且保留有其字面上之意义,指经不留已一痕一迹地扫除某事物或消除其殊异之性质或形式,以使之消失:1 F/ p! q; W+ T( a; S
Three survivors told how the enemy annihilated the regiment. 三个生还者叙述敌人如何地消灭那一团。
0 }4 O- U- n& o! m4 e6 [extinguish 用以指可借压服性之武力或环境使之灭亡的事物或观念言:% _' C4 i1 |9 _0 ?4 B
You may extinguish a nation, but not the love of liberty. 你能灭亡一个国家,但却不能消灭人们对自由的爱好。- m1 l+ u( s- ^4 z0 a4 e
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**国际英汉大辞典, U7 S- j8 W" d5 j7 e
abolish
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1. 废除(法律、习惯等):
- ^* e) E) [/ j  S; u+ \abolish slavery 废除奴隶制度
2 `  \7 O5 C1 l$ eabolish all exploiting systems 废除一切剥削制度。: C) J. ]8 t5 m, u+ @; _
2. 完全破坏(人、事物等):
- ?( a& d  `/ _/ Y1 }. U( ?A fog abolished the landscape. 大雾迷茫,把风景完全笼罩住了。
% y" ?9 I1 _" Y' {-abolisher, n.
3 ?: Y; y1 w. R/ O【辨义】abolish, annihilate, exterminate, extinguish, eradicate, obliterate 这几个字都有“除去”的意思。6 d: c0 [3 Q9 |  I' W& A4 X
abolish 指“消除某种情况或规章等人为的事物”,如法律、习惯、制度等:
: ]/ ?) {  v* b0 l0 S2 w* i7 |The college students voted to abolish all secret societies.
* O& @7 @: e: d! Gannihilate 一字用得较普遍,含有使用武力不留痕迹地去完全消除的意思:
" z/ g, Q( o" h% cThe survivors told how the enemy annihilated the regiment.
0 n. |( k2 e; O6 m9 ?& J( Uexterminate 含有“用审慎的方法消灭”的意思,且多指大规模的扑灭:
& z# I. K, y! v5 K! V$ |They exterminated insects by spraying with DDT.' M& s& P* O/ [, D! N
extinguish 一字比较正式,指用强大的力量消灭,其比喻的用法有“死”的意思:1 g6 y0 H8 `. G7 W7 z3 j$ @5 Y
extinguish a fire
% o; R5 C0 ?" zYou may extinugish liberty, but not the love of liberty.- J) i. I6 I2 \) k  M
eradicate 原指连根拔去,使其不再生长,故有根除,使……断根之意:
, C; ^: p6 Z! j- K# n% rThe new vaccine eradicated all traces of the disease within three months.
# q- U4 C  P: m! t" Aobliterate 亦指消灭得不留痕迹之意,惟多指事物而言:: w9 d+ t+ [2 _! i
The heavy rain obliterated all foot-prints.
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- K) P2 A  T( }( _5 Z8 d6 u**英汉大词典 第 2 版
9 x6 o! ^* f  c% c6 B4 w9 o0 D4 Babolish
! r& t* s( p; }2 W) z, A; l1. 彻底废除(法律、制度、习俗等);废止% Q2 A2 }$ c0 [4 P
abolish slavery 废除奴隶制
/ G/ b! u8 v2 }. R  o# X: _abolish abuses of power 彻底铲除滥用权力的现象% Q: K; H- E* H' R$ \5 n7 M
2. 完全破坏; ^! Y# E# ^# x( v# Y; ]0 L7 ]
A fog abolished the landscape. 大雾把山水景色笼罩了个严实。; {) t7 @  H& l+ O4 S  T
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a|bol|ish «uh BOL ihsh», transitive verb.9 [3 _$ S8 K2 f  _; h+ z( K+ B
1. to put an end to; do away with (a law, institution, or custom) completely: Many people wish that nations would abolish war. Slavery was abolished in the United States in 1865. SYNONYM(S): annul, stop, suppress.: y$ J) A2 \) [# l
2. Obsolete. to destroy: Thus … shall the Bastille be abolished (Thomas Carlyle).6 D( n* T$ I3 H' T  K0 j& \
[< French aboliss-, stem of abolir; fusion of Latin abolēre destroy, and abolēscere die out]6 l, Z3 }, i" Q9 Z- ?1 m
–a|bol′ish|a|ble, adjective.  R8 ~! D, g" f6 _, Q2 S& Z
–a|bol′ish|er, noun.* ]. S& O; h: L: t
–a|bol′ish|ment, noun.
5 m7 c  p/ {3 H2 ISynonym Study 1 Abolish, annihilate, extinguish mean to put an end to something. Abolish now usually applies to man-made things other than concrete objects, such as laws or customs, usually long in existence:
4 o3 S3 `9 @+ s) {, [$ H0 OThe college students voted to abolish all secret societies.
3 K$ ^1 N+ U6 qAnnihilate, more general in application, suggests the use of force and retains its literal meaning of reducing to nothing or of destroying completely: 3 N. w1 L3 T: I# W
Three survivors told how the enemy annihilated the regiment.' d+ f0 K! a7 p5 b7 o5 d' G
Extinguish, a rather formal word in this sense, applies to things or ideas that die or are blotted out by overpowering force or circumstances:
; X5 o: `# N4 G9 E- \You may extinguish liberty, but not the love of liberty., p/ m, P8 F: s/ |5 Y  [  d

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发表于 2019-3-31 12:04:31 | 显示全部楼层
远东的用法说明很好,可惜找不到电子版本。
  • TA的每日心情

    2022-3-25 16:19
  • 签到天数: 212 天

    [LV.7]常住居民III

    发表于 2019-7-31 01:22:48 | 显示全部楼层
    nosubstitute 发表于 2019-3-31 12:04
      S+ |3 k1 q+ h" S$ l( C远东的用法说明很好,可惜找不到电子版本。

    $ x/ X* H1 F& S$ h. \楼主显然有电子版啊

    该用户从未签到

    发表于 2019-9-23 10:17:46 | 显示全部楼层
    找用法说明,你还可以翻翻外研社的英汉词典

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    发表于 2019-12-20 10:43:19 | 显示全部楼层
    richard2017 发表于 2019-7-31 01:220 `3 n' p  x0 u. T) T
    楼主显然有电子版啊
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    我当年淘了两本原版的,很少用,不行,买本商务90年代修改的版本嘛
  • TA的每日心情

    昨天 05:19
  • 签到天数: 6 天

    [LV.2]偶尔看看I

    发表于 3 天前 | 显示全部楼层
    谢谢好东西

    该用户从未签到

    发表于 昨天 11:05 | 显示全部楼层
    远东和张芳杰的国际高度近似?
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