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[词典讨论] abolish 条@[远东|国际]国际英汉大辞典 & WBD1979

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发表于 2016-9-12 12:06:26 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

# ]# a6 {0 e/ r远东英汉大辞典
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+ s6 }2 n, ~. b' h: ^: n国际英汉大辞典
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, |6 o& J4 k2 C4 xWBD,19797 C  W& V3 _& u4 A
       
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 楼主| 发表于 2016-9-12 23:27:11 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 Oeasy 于 2016-9-12 23:31 编辑 - U( W+ c, q- Y* x  S& q* Q* A

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**远东英汉大辞典; w% E, f4 b/ x, w; K
abolish& D6 x' Z) a$ K; A) d7 @
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1. 废止;革除。
1 s6 n, s$ E! o  dWe must abolish slavery. 我们应当废止奴隶制度。
3 v$ r# N* h! O' wIf war could be abolished, armies and navies would be unnecessary. 如果战争可以废止,陆海军均将成为不必需的。- N0 H4 ~# @" x. h
2. 完全破坏(人,或事物)。
" @0 U2 A; ~- g# w- k' C7 f* H5 xA fog abolished the landscape. 大雾把风景破坏了。9 z9 @0 {0 Q. V
-abolisher, n.+ {8 j, i: ~, g8 X8 H: Q8 }
【注意】abolish, annihilate, extinguish 均指结束或灭除某件事物言。3 q. T, X" E/ ^" z( I
abolish 仅用以指人为之且通常为长期存在的事物言,如法律,风俗习惯等:1 g6 y* }; ~1 }
The principal abolished all secret societies. 那校长废除了所有的秘密社团。5 ^+ l: q4 ]9 ~1 f, D4 @
annihilate 其使用范围较广,含武力之使用,且保留有其字面上之意义,指经不留已一痕一迹地扫除某事物或消除其殊异之性质或形式,以使之消失:% K6 r' e! ?. ?) p: f5 W
Three survivors told how the enemy annihilated the regiment. 三个生还者叙述敌人如何地消灭那一团。9 ~! X3 B% T0 T. z( Y8 p- l- h
extinguish 用以指可借压服性之武力或环境使之灭亡的事物或观念言:
0 O# w, R8 z9 t* ^9 n0 SYou may extinguish a nation, but not the love of liberty. 你能灭亡一个国家,但却不能消灭人们对自由的爱好。0 M; k; ~8 p% ?
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  {' O  m5 w$ r. ?; x. E**国际英汉大辞典; Q" O+ B3 D6 O- S* w5 A/ j
abolish
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1. 废除(法律、习惯等):# `5 b; B5 n. A) t* }
abolish slavery 废除奴隶制度
( X1 R; Z3 B2 H  C' _9 T( G/ aabolish all exploiting systems 废除一切剥削制度。
5 V# n) ]/ s, i. L  j2. 完全破坏(人、事物等):" I! \+ L1 F3 d0 }7 U$ p! i
A fog abolished the landscape. 大雾迷茫,把风景完全笼罩住了。  w$ ^* T8 L' D7 i' i0 F$ H0 w% [( r
-abolisher, n.
* [9 @! H+ p3 c: j: p【辨义】abolish, annihilate, exterminate, extinguish, eradicate, obliterate 这几个字都有“除去”的意思。
( v% Q0 m, T! T* ^abolish 指“消除某种情况或规章等人为的事物”,如法律、习惯、制度等:0 }: t- W- W1 s( Q5 F
The college students voted to abolish all secret societies.
; z0 _3 R" Y6 L8 I  y, dannihilate 一字用得较普遍,含有使用武力不留痕迹地去完全消除的意思:# q. s2 d% d1 @& N( F8 q; h
The survivors told how the enemy annihilated the regiment.
5 y/ R, N, C! S( P' T0 g2 Fexterminate 含有“用审慎的方法消灭”的意思,且多指大规模的扑灭:, B) M$ O) b* T8 t7 H- f
They exterminated insects by spraying with DDT.2 z4 n( M4 Y1 n" I6 }
extinguish 一字比较正式,指用强大的力量消灭,其比喻的用法有“死”的意思:* [6 M, s, h1 t) q# C
extinguish a fire
5 t% G: A+ O3 N$ bYou may extinugish liberty, but not the love of liberty.
) {1 O  k# ~; X* i* ~/ `& Deradicate 原指连根拔去,使其不再生长,故有根除,使……断根之意:) q/ g8 t" V/ C0 x7 C
The new vaccine eradicated all traces of the disease within three months.0 \; k9 N0 c4 q$ N0 {
obliterate 亦指消灭得不留痕迹之意,惟多指事物而言:
! ]3 d' U- _" W8 ?( c0 \The heavy rain obliterated all foot-prints.
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**英汉大词典 第 2 版* S/ i/ {! j) l5 y: U% c; j
abolish/ E  W$ n2 C1 v$ ]2 [! M
1. 彻底废除(法律、制度、习俗等);废止
( _3 S' z) G% }& Iabolish slavery 废除奴隶制0 Q8 H9 n9 D8 p  l6 c; c$ X
abolish abuses of power 彻底铲除滥用权力的现象
7 _9 \+ M, c- O* H2. 完全破坏
( o6 e# e& P6 U, d$ K* OA fog abolished the landscape. 大雾把山水景色笼罩了个严实。$ S/ L$ c  h5 T
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1 U9 }+ ]/ I) b3 A1 pa|bol|ish «uh BOL ihsh», transitive verb.' ?. J; M) F5 c# h+ S; \( O9 t
1. to put an end to; do away with (a law, institution, or custom) completely: Many people wish that nations would abolish war. Slavery was abolished in the United States in 1865. SYNONYM(S): annul, stop, suppress.5 m5 `5 G0 d9 s# [* e- q( R3 w
2. Obsolete. to destroy: Thus … shall the Bastille be abolished (Thomas Carlyle).
3 V# ]2 \( T" k8 d[< French aboliss-, stem of abolir; fusion of Latin abolēre destroy, and abolēscere die out]
: Y  P! j% B- @+ `8 H5 r( H–a|bol′ish|a|ble, adjective.
* |1 j) E( y) G4 v. l4 W–a|bol′ish|er, noun., f: _, q  a( _5 e. ~
–a|bol′ish|ment, noun.
0 K' Z/ S2 e0 g1 ~Synonym Study 1 Abolish, annihilate, extinguish mean to put an end to something. Abolish now usually applies to man-made things other than concrete objects, such as laws or customs, usually long in existence:
% B9 _$ R7 t5 S$ [& r# \' G* v1 D3 lThe college students voted to abolish all secret societies.
0 F8 k2 y8 j2 t. {+ sAnnihilate, more general in application, suggests the use of force and retains its literal meaning of reducing to nothing or of destroying completely: , D4 @9 s% R$ i3 ]- J
Three survivors told how the enemy annihilated the regiment.
1 q3 O$ s. c3 v- N3 n6 FExtinguish, a rather formal word in this sense, applies to things or ideas that die or are blotted out by overpowering force or circumstances:   Y$ I8 k% \8 V$ m' G
You may extinguish liberty, but not the love of liberty.
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发表于 2019-3-31 12:04:31 | 显示全部楼层
远东的用法说明很好,可惜找不到电子版本。
  • TA的每日心情

    2022-3-25 16:19
  • 签到天数: 212 天

    [LV.7]常住居民III

    发表于 2019-7-31 01:22:48 | 显示全部楼层
    nosubstitute 发表于 2019-3-31 12:04
    1 t0 V2 S0 f; \: u+ h/ j' {远东的用法说明很好,可惜找不到电子版本。
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    楼主显然有电子版啊

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    发表于 2019-9-23 10:17:46 | 显示全部楼层
    找用法说明,你还可以翻翻外研社的英汉词典

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    发表于 2019-12-20 10:43:19 | 显示全部楼层
    richard2017 发表于 2019-7-31 01:22
    8 I; l& B1 [% Z& J6 O1 r9 P. _: J$ N楼主显然有电子版啊

    " r  Y+ R( N6 P我当年淘了两本原版的,很少用,不行,买本商务90年代修改的版本嘛
  • TA的每日心情

    昨天 05:19
  • 签到天数: 6 天

    [LV.2]偶尔看看I

    发表于 3 天前 | 显示全部楼层
    谢谢好东西

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    发表于 昨天 11:05 | 显示全部楼层
    远东和张芳杰的国际高度近似?
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