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[学习求助] everyone后面的谓语动词应该是单数还是复数呢

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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

    发表于 2020-11-21 21:24:08 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
    请教everyone 到底应该跟单数还是复数形式的谓语动词呢?老师和语法书上都说是跟单数,但是Fowler's dictionary 里说当做复数。为什么呢?!

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    发表于 2020-11-21 21:38:08 | 显示全部楼层
    Fowler 到底怎么说的你都不贴出来,这不明摆着缺席审判人家吗. a" N( H7 @: B! E

    6 }- @3 d- g. o
    2 Just as with everybody, pronouns and adjectives referring back to everyone are often plural, ‘the absence', as the OED puts it, ‘of common gender rendering this violation of grammatical concord sometimes necessary'. Examples: Every one Sacrifices a Cow or more, according to their different Degrees of Wealth or Devotion—Dr Johnson, 1735; Everyone then looked about them silently, in suspense and expectation—W. H. Mallock, 1877; Everyone was absorbed in their own business—A. Motion, 1989; the classical allegories look like surreal school outings in which everyone got to take their clothes off, and then was sorry—M. Vaizey, 1991., i  t" b$ J$ B1 O/ L2 l
    Not everyone favours this practice, however: Well, I'm afraid it's everyone for himself—R. Hall, 1978 (NZ); Everyone has his own image of a city—his own image of the Eiffel Tower…—Art Business News, 2004.
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    pronouns and adjectives 是谓语动词??
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

     楼主| 发表于 2020-11-21 22:03:16 | 显示全部楼层
    klwo2 发表于 2020-11-21 21:388 ^3 x$ q: o/ D+ L2 b7 n) K
    Fowler 到底怎么说的你都不贴出来,这不明摆着缺席审判人家吗

    $ \4 A) G  O" \代词反指复数了,跟在代词后的动词不是也要复数啊。代词反指用。they,响应的动词不是要复数啊?

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    发表于 2020-11-21 22:14:28 | 显示全部楼层
    sabrina2111 发表于 2020-11-21 22:03
    8 a. o! V" F- ]8 o# k7 P1 u4 Z/ {" }代词反指复数了,跟在代词后的动词不是也要复数啊。代词反指用。they,响应的动词不是要复数啊? ...
    % s& Y' q  P/ v7 V/ {4 g7 b
    你都用they了,they当然跟复数了,问题是那就跟everyone 没有关系了呀
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    & g3 V7 g, p+ H7 T, K8 } ‘the absence', as the OED puts it, ‘of common gender rendering this violation of grammatical concord sometimes necessary'+ a. c3 O* D. r1 o8 y# K1 i
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    这不写着呢吗,they跟everyone 在单复数问题上别扭了一点,有时候是需要的6 f  A% j2 S2 P% S, J; l3 o( x
    - H: b4 s3 y" K* |

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    发表于 2020-11-21 22:31:20 | 显示全部楼层
    本帖最后由 dongzhi1980 于 2020-11-21 22:32 编辑
    ) |2 J- _! W! B! U2 g
    1 b& i; u9 P, ZRef: World Book Dictionary$ j# ]) n! i+ O0 m
    everyone. The pronoun everyone is grammatically singular:
    % r5 v. O: }& B' P0 x: G  u        Everyone who wishes to attend is invited.% p; o; v& L6 O9 t
    In informal speech, everyone is sometimes used as a collective. A verb immediately following is usually singular, but a pronoun referring back to it from a little distance is likely to be plural:3 {; H1 z. ^- T
            Everyone contributes their share.

    点评

    看来 world book dictionary上的内容有点老了  发表于 2020-11-22 13:02
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

     楼主| 发表于 2020-11-22 07:58:35 | 显示全部楼层
    dongzhi1980 发表于 2020-11-21 22:313 U- ]$ |! k6 ^- N) K" T
    Ref: World Book Dictionary1 O+ ]1 [1 j) y5 M# D
    everyone. The pronoun everyone is grammatically singular:
    $ V0 _  [  }2 @" @+ ^- Y        Everyone who w ...
    + l/ I# @  B+ R+ a
    可是,我在一本formal的书上看到了这样一句句子:
    / V: H, M/ w6 _0 vThe logic behind this belief is that everyone can benefit from becoming a better thinker and, as a result, have a greater control over their thinking processes.
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    5 E; [8 Z* y! Y! z我现在理解have 是跟在can后面的。但是their 反指的是 everyone,这个可是formal的表达。
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    [LV.9]以坛为家II

    发表于 2020-11-22 11:30:20 | 显示全部楼层
    9 h) \9 |6 U; j" ]+ l2 g! N4 N
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    Everyone was absorbed in their own business —A. Motion , 1989  T. R  h, o% a% s0 m, g! @( {6 ^6 k

    3 r! R  z# x$ a5 Z% |. rEveryone was absorbed in his own business.0 `/ O; U! h  s$ w; Q

    % \/ P/ }1 N& e7 B/ i; u" Z0 b/ u为了避免过于显得男性强势,可改为:
    / o# }0 t# O$ e& D# L) f) U
    2 Q% y# o0 c' BEveryone was absorbed in their (his or her) own business.

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    点评

    谢谢!  发表于 2020-11-22 11:52
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    [LV.10]以坛为家III

     楼主| 发表于 2020-11-22 12:04:09 | 显示全部楼层
    渔夫和妖怪 发表于 2020-11-22 11:30
    # f0 ?5 X9 Z+ UEveryone was absorbed in their own business —A. Motion , 19893 I: N6 [- p" N9 n! Z. k! k+ P
    ! U3 v8 H' b( F8 L" C
    Everyone was absorbed in his own b ...

    9 E$ t. P0 J( A7 C* V* o% A请问你看的是Fowler吗?为什么我没有找到这段内容。只看到klwo2大神贴出来的那段呢?!
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    [LV.9]以坛为家II

    发表于 2020-11-22 12:43:29 | 显示全部楼层
    Robert Allen, Oxford Pocket Fowler’s Modern English Usage (2e), Oxford University Press, 2008.

    点评

    太感谢了:)  发表于 2020-11-22 13:00
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